Fwd: World Wide Web Consortium Issues XHTML 1.0 as a Recommendation

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From: B.K. DeLong (bkdelong@pobox.com)
Date: Wed Jan 26 2000 - 08:00:34 PST

It's about time :)

>World Wide Web Consortium Issues XHTML 1.0 as a Recommendation
>XHTML 1.0 Provides a Foundation for Device-Independent Web Access
>Contact North America, Europe --
> Janet Daly, <janet@w3.org>, +1.617.253.5884
>Contact Asia --
> Yuko Watanabe <yuko@w3.org>, +81.466.49.1170
>Links from W3C:
>News Release:
> http://www.w3.org/2000/01/xhtml-pressrelease.html.en
> http://www.w3.org/2000/01/xhtml-test.html
>XHTML 1.0 Recommendation
> http://www.w3.org/TR/2000/REC-xhtml-20000126
>http://www.w3.org/ -- 26 January 2000 -- The World Wide Web Consortium
>(W3C) today releases the XHTML 1.0 specification as a W3C
>Recommendation. This new specification represents cross-industry and
>expert community agreement on the importance of XHTML 1.0 as a bridge to
>the Web of the future. A W3C Recommendation indicates that a
>specification is stable, contributes to Web interoperability, and has
>been reviewed by the W3C membership, who favor its adoption by the industry.
>XHTML 1.0 Builds the Web of the Future, Now
>HTML currently serves as the lingua franca for millions of people
>publishing hypertext on the Web. While that is the case today, the
>future of the Web is written in W3C's Extensible Markup Language (XML).
>XML is bringing the Web forward as an environment that better meets the
>needs of all its participants, allowing content creators to make
>structured data that can be easily processed and transformed to meet the
>varied needs of users and their devices.
>In designing XHTML 1.0, the W3C HTML Working Group faced a number of
>challenges, including one capable of making or breaking the
>Web: how to design the next generation language for Web documents
>without obsoleting what's already on the Web, and how to create a markup
>language that supports device-independence.The answer was to take HTML
>4, and rewrite it as an XML application. The first result is XHTML 1.0.
>"XHTML 1.0 connects the present Web to the future Web," said Tim
>Berners-Lee, W3C Director. "It provides the bridge to page and site
>authors for entering the structured data, XML world, while still being
>able to maintain operability with user agents that support HTML 4."
>XHTML 1.0 Combines the Familiarity of HTML with the Power of XML
>XHTML 1.0 allows authors to create Web documents that work with current
>HTML browsers and that may be processed by XML-enabled software as well.
>Authors writing XHTML use the well-known elements of HTML 4 (to mark up
>paragraphs, links, tables, lists, etc.), but with XML syntax, which
>promotes markup conformance.
>The benefits of XML syntax include extensibility and modularity. With
>HTML, authors had a fixed set of elements to use, with no variation.
>With XHTML 1.0, authors can mix and match known HTML 4 elements with
>elements from other XML languages, including those developed by W3C for
>multimedia (Synchronized Multimedia Language - SMIL), mathematical
>expressions (MathML), two dimensional vector graphics (Scalable Vector
>Graphics - SVG), and metadata (Resource Description Framework - RDF).
>W3C provides instruction and tools for making the transition from HTML 4
>to XHTML 1.0 . The "HTML Compatibility Guidelines" section of the XHTML
>1.0 Recommendation explains how to write XHTML 1.0 that will work with
>nearly all current HTML browsers. W3C offers validation services for
>both HTML and XHTML documents. W3C's Open Source software "Tidy" helps
>Web authors convert ordinary HTML 4 into XHTML and clean document markup
>at the same time.
>XHTML 1.0 Provides a Foundation for Device-Independent Web Access
>In addition to its extensibility, moving from HTML to XML via XHTML 1.0
>lays the foundation for making Web content available to millions more
>users. People browsing the Web with cell phones or other mobile devices
>want Web content tailored to their needs. People with
>disabilities need ways to transform content into accessible formats.
>XML documents can already be transformed using Extensible Stylesheet
>Language Transformations (XSLT), and rendered using independent style
>sheets such as CSS style sheets. XHTML 1.1, already under development,
>coupled with device-specific style sheets and Composite
>Capability/Preference Profiles (CC/PP) - a protocol which allows a user
>to describe both user preferences and device capabilities - will bring
>mobile and other devices to the Web as full participants.
>Broad Industry Support, Multiple Implementations Already Available
>The XHTML 1.0 Recommendation was written by members of the HTML working
>group, which includes key industry players such as Ask Jeeves, CNET,
>Gateway 2000,
>GMD, Hewlett-Packard, HTML Writers Guild, IBM, JetForm, Microsoft,
>MITRE, Philips Electronics, Phone.com, Quark, Stack Overflow, Sun
>Microsystems, and WebTV Networks.
>In addition, many W3C members have announced XHTML 1.0 support in
>current and committed to implementations in upcoming products, indicated
>in the wide range of testimonials.
>About the World Wide Web Consortium [W3C]
>The W3C was created to lead the Web to its full potential by developing
>common protocols that promote its evolution and ensure its
>interoperability. It is an international industry consortium jointly run
>by the MIT Laboratory for Computer Science (MIT LCS) in the USA, the
>National Institute for Research in Computer Science and Control (INRIA)
>in France and Keio University in Japan. Services provided by the
>Consortium include: a repository of information about the World Wide Web
>for developers and users, reference code implementations to
>embody and promote standards, and various prototype and sample
>applications to demonstrate use of new technology. To date, over 390
>organizations are Members of the Consortium. For more information see

B.K. DeLong
Research Lead
ZOT Group

617.642.7149 bkdelong@zotgroup.com http://www.zotgroup.com

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