[97%] Guess the TR100 FoRK ratio...

Rohit Khare (rohit@uci.edu)
Fri, 5 Nov 1999 13:46:10 -0800


Roy T. Fielding, Hakon Wium Lie, and Eric Freeman were named by Tech=20
Review as three of 100 under-35 innovators to watch for the next=20



Roy Thomas Fielding, 34
University of California, Irvine

Without public streets, common laws and mutually held beliefs, life=20
would be nasty, brutish and short. So would a trip on the Web if it=20
weren't for Roy Fielding.

=46ielding is a primary force behind open-source software, a movement=20
that has brought transparent standards to the most widely used=20
Internet programs. Fielding's first big contribution came in 1994,=20
when he invented a way for browsers to efficiently update stored Web=20
pages, by transmitting information only if something has changed.=20
Without this traffic-saving advance, the Web might have collapsed=20
under its own explosive growth. Thanks to that success, Fielding was=20
tapped by WWW inventor Tim Berners-Lee to author the latest version=20
of the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP), the standard that governs=20
how computers exchange text, image, video and sound over the Internet.

=46ielding's dedication to open standards means that no single company=20
can control the Web. Indeed, Fielding, who is due to receive his PhD=20
this year from the University of California, Irvine, is also=20
co-founder and chairman of the Apache Group, a collective of=20
programmers whose free software now powers more than half of all Web=20
servers-trouncing competition from Microsoft and Netscape.

H=E5kon Wium Lie, 34
Opera Software

Scandinavia is one of the most wired regions in the world. And within=20
that realm, H=E5kon Wium Lie is a key player. As an early colleague of=20
World Wide Web inventor Tim Berners-Lee, Lie has had a central role=20
in the Web's evolution-particularly in relation to browsers. Working=20
with Berners-Lee in Switzerland in 1994, Lie proposed the concept of=20
cascading style sheets (CSS). CSS is a mechanism for adding=20
typographical style (different fonts, color, spacing) to Web=20
documents. Today, almost every major maker of Web browsers has=20
adopted CSS-a big reason why Web sites look so much better than they=20
did five years ago.

As the Web matured, Lie's career grew with it. When the World Wide=20
Web Consortium (W3C) was organized to govern Web standards, Lie set=20
up the W3C technical team in France. His chief concern was to=20
maintain open (rather than proprietary) systems so the Web remained=20
accessible to people using the widest array of access software. Lie=20
has taken that passion for choice into the private sector as CTO of=20
Oslo Web browser company Opera Software. Opera claims to be one of=20
the most standards-compliant browser companies in the industry, and=20
Lie's experience at W3C clearly helped them get that way.

Eric Freeman, 34
Mirror Worlds Technologies

The desktop metaphor that has dominated (and limited) computer=20
software for more than a decade may face its first major challenge=20
from Lifestreams, an operating system environment that began as Eric=20
=46reeman's doctoral thesis at Yale. Lifestreams relies on a different=20
visual metaphor, presenting e-mail, schedules, online feeds and so=20
forth as a chronologically arranged stack of documents, all=20
automatically captured and easily reorganized on demand. The idea was=20
granted a patent this year. Freeman stands out for the boldness of=20
his vision. "His choice of thesis topic showed considerable nerve,"=20
says computer scientist David Gelernter, Freeman's advisor at Yale.=20
"It was risky-a radical departure and not an incremental improvement.=20
He thought he could bring it off and he did."

In 1997, Freeman and Gelernter co-founded Mirror Worlds Technologies=20
(the name plucked from a Gelernter book on future computer=20
interfaces). Their goal: interfaces, software architectures and tools=20
for managing electronic information. With Freeman as CTO, the company=20
has introduced its first product: Lifestreams Office. Now comes the=20
hard work of convincing information technology managers that this is=20
indeed a better mousetrap. With a foot in the private sector, Freeman=20
is maintaining academic ties; he was recently named a fellow at=20
Yale's new Center for Internet Studies.

TR100 Full List

Name Age Category Company/Institution
Marc Andreessen 28 WWW Loudcloud
Kristi Anseth 31 Biotech University of Colorado
Adam Arkin 33 Biotech Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Adam L. Beberg 25 Software Cosm
Paul Bender 33 Hardware Qualcomm
Bonnie Berger 34 Software MIT Laboratory for Computer Science
Sabeer Bhatia 30 WWW Arzoo
David Blundin 32 Software DataSage
Matthew Brand 33 Software Mitsubishi Electric Research Labs
Eric Brewer 32 Software Inktomi
Amy Bruckman 33 WWW Georgia Institute of Technology
Mandy Chessell 34 Software IBM UK Development Laboratory
Isaac Chuang 30 Hardware IBM Almaden Research Center
David Clemmer 34 Materials Indiana University
Geoffrey Coates 33 Materials Cornell University
James Collins 34 Biotech Boston University
Christopher Cummins 33 Materials MIT
Sky Dayton 32 WWW Earthlink Network
Michael Deem 30 Materials University of California, Los Angeles
Miguel de Icaza 26 Software GNOME Project
Tejal Desai 27 Biotech University of Illinois, Chicago
Sandro de Souza 31 Biotech Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research
Daniel DiLorenzo 33 Biotech University of Utah Medical School
John Dobak 34 Biotech Innercool Therapies
Gregg Favalora 25 Hardware Actuality Systems
Roy Thomas Fielding 34 WWW University of California, Irvine
Yoel Fink 33 Materials MIT
Amy Francetic 32 Hardware Zowie Intertainment
Eric Freeman 34 Software Mirror Worlds Technologies
David Gee 32 Software IBM
Peter Girardi 33 WWW Funny Garbage
Isy Goldwasser 29 Materials Symyx
Amit Goyal 34 Materials Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Helen Greiner 31 Hardware IS Robotics
Pehr A. B. Harbury 34 Biotech Stanford University
Jonathan Heiliger 23 WWW Loudcloud
Joe Hellerstein 31 Software University of California, Berkeley
Nicola Hill 30 Materials University of California, Santa Barbara
Michael Acheson Isard 28 Software Compaq's Systems=20
Research Center
Katherine Isbister 30 WWW NTT Open Laboratory
Jonathan Ive 32 Hardware Apple Computer
Joe Jacobson 34 Hardware MIT Media Lab
Patrick Jensen 33 Biotech Johns Hopkins University
Natalie Jeremijenko 33 WWW "Bureau of Inverse Technology"
Christina Jones 29 Software pcOrder.com
Steve Jurvetson 32 Software Draper Fisher Jurvetson
Shivkumar Kalyanaraman 28 WWW Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
=46rederick Kish 33 Materials Hewlett-Packard
Christopher Klaus 26 Software Internet Security Systems
Paul Kocher 26 Software Cryptography Research
Maja Kuzmanovic 26 WWW National Research Institute for=20
Mathematics and Computer Science
C=F4me Lagu=EB 33 WWW Adesemi Communications
Bruce Lahn 30 Biotech University of Chicago
Christopher Lee 33 Biotech University of California, Los Angeles
Steven Leeb 34 Hardware MIT
H=E5kon Wium Lie 34 WWW Opera Software
Hideo Mabuchi 28 Materials California Institute of Technology
Akhil Madhani 31 Hardware Walt Disney Imagineering
Shoko Manako 33 Materials NEC Corp.
Maja Mataric 34 Hardware University of Southern California
Mike McCue 33 Software Tellme Networks
Magdalena Mik 25 WWW Walker Digital
Samir Mitragotri 28 Biotech Sontra Medical
David Mott 34 Biotech MedImmune
Todd C. Mowry 33 Hardware Carnegie Mellon University
Christopher Murray 32 Materials IBM
Jonathan Nelson 32 WWW Organic Online
Dianne Newman 27 Materials Harvard Medical School
Nikola Pavletich 33 Biotech Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
Thomas Pinckney 25 Software Exotec
Mark Prausnitz 33 Biotech Georgia Institute of Technology
Carmichael Roberts 31 Biotech Surface Logix
Michael Robertson 32 WWW MP3.com
John Rogers 32 Materials Lucent Technologies' Bell Labs
John Romero 30 WWW Ion Storm
Lynn Russell 30 Materials Princeton University
Lawrence Saul 30 Software AT&T Labs
Christopher J. Savoie 28 Software Dejima
Michael J. Saylor 34 Software MicroStrategy
Daniel Schrag 33 Materials Harvard University
Peter Seeberger 32 Biotech MIT
Matthew Shair 31 Biotech Harvard University
Dari Shalon 34 Biotech Harvard University
Andrew Shapiro 31 WWW Aspen Institute Internet Policy Project
Jason Shear 32 Biotech University of Texas
Eric Silberstein 23 WWW Idiom Technologies
Jagdeep Singh 32 WWW Stanford University
Christine Smith 28 Materials University of California, Davis
Thad Starner 30 Hardware Georgia Institute of Technology
Wim Sweldens 32 Software Lucent Technologies' Bell Labs
Ralph Taylor-Smith 34 Materials Lucent Technologies' Bell Labs
Alex Thompson 31 WWW Mixed Signals Technologies
Linus Torvalds 29 Software Transmeta
Stephanie Vierk=F6tter 33 Materials Quantum Magnetics
Mike Volpi 32 WWW Cisco Systems
Erik Winfree 30 Biotech Princeton University
Ken-Tsung Wong 33 Materials National Taiwan University
Jerry Yang 29 WWW Yahoo!
Mark Yim 34 Hardware Xerox Palo Alto Research Center (PARC)
Jackie Ying 33 Materials MIT